A email came in from CBOC with Regards to Shot Clock During Free Throws. Please review the email below.


Shot Clock During Free Throws

A question came up in a game and it was what should the display on the shot clock during free throws be.  The (fully) correct answer is that there should be no display on the shot clock during free throws.

This is fully supported by Rules and the Table Officials Manual. Let’s look at Rule 50.3 – page 59 – part of which reads:

Art. 50 Shot clock operator: Duties

50.3 Stopped and reset to 24 seconds, with no display visible, when:

  • The ball legally enters the basket.
  • The ball touches the ring of the opponents' basket and it is controlled by the team that was not in control of the ball before it has touched the ring.
  • The team is awarded a backcourt throw-in:
    • As the result of a foul or violation (not for the ball having gone out-of-bounds).
    • As the result of a jump ball situation for the team that previously did not have the control of the ball.
    • The game is stopped because of an action not connected with the team in control of the ball.
    • The game is stopped because of an action not connected with either team, unless the opponents would be placed at a disadvantage.
  • The team is awarded free throw(s).

There are many parts to the discussion that follows. In Canada many shot clocks will not show a “no display”, that is be blank, and there is not often 3 reset options (i.e. 24, 14 and “no display”). When FIBA originally introduced the 14 second reset on the shot clock Canada (generally) adopted the principle that the shot clock would display 14 seconds during free throws. Theory was along the lines that if the offense got the rebound the shot clock operator needed to start the shot clock immediately.

What was considered over time was:

  • Approximately 70% of free throw are successful, meaning an endline throw-in for the opponents with the shot clock set at 24 seconds;
  • Of the 30% of free throw that are not successful the (high) majority are rebounded by the opponents, meaning that the shot clock should be set at 24 seconds;
  • Only a small percentage of free throws result in a new possession for the team attempting the free throw.

Thus in 2018 the decision was made that when a team was awarded free throws the shot clock would be reset to 24 seconds, with no display.

This is the ideal and matches the rule, but we must acknowledge the reality that many shot clocks in our gyms and stadiums can not have “no display”. (Please be clear “0” is not a “no display”.)

Therefore if the shot clock can not show “no display: during free throws the shot clock shall show 24.

The reason is this is most consistent with the rule and (24 seconds, with no display) and as 90% or more of free throws result in the game restarting with the opponent having the ball, with the shot clock blank at 24 seconds (this is the most practical option).

So to be in line with the rest of Canada, the shot clock at all free throws shall be set to 24. Due to the High school Rule modification in Manitoba that when the ball hits the rim the re-set is to 24 both teams will then have 24 seconds to shoot the ball.


Free Throw Violation Procedures 

An update to the new Free Throw Violation Procedures sent out by COBC. It talks about the substitutions and Time-outs between Free throws.  Below is the message from COBC.


In 2020-21 CBOC announced that Canada would adopt the accepted (FIBA) procedure and protocol on Free Throw Violations. A (marginally revised) 2-page document is attached on the Procedure.

This document will be posted to Game Plan shortly.

This version is marginally revised based on feedback that some people were misinterpreting the previous version to believe there was a change in rules.

There is no change to the rules on free throw violations, all rules remain in place, such that substitutions and time-outs are not allowed between free throws and if the violation is by a player other than the free throw shooter and the free throw is successful, the violation is not penalized.

It merely means the violation is recognized in accordance with Rule 47.2 that says “The referees shall blow their whistles when an infraction of the rules occurs ……..”. This means we must identify the potential violation, even if it is not penalized when the violation is by a player other than the free throw shooter and the free throw is successful.

This is not a change, rather an adjustment to procedures historically used in Canada so that we are operating consistent with FIBA protocols.



Scarf Style Headbands

A message from COBC about Scarf style Headbands. Below is the email in regards to scarf Style Headbands. Make sure you are enforcing this going forward so we are consistent across Manitoba.


This is a pro-active e-mail to try and reduce that volume and addresses specifically SCARF STYLE HEADBANDS.

In the summer the CEBL allowed players to wear scarf style headbands – (bandanas) contrary to FIBA rules. (See the two pictures as examples.)

These are specifically forbidden by FIBA Rules as in (the portion of) Rule 4.4.2, bullet 2, sub-bullet 3, Headgear (quoted below) which reads:

-Headgear. It shall not ………………………………. The headgear shall not have opening /closing elements around the face and/or neck and shall not have any parts extruding from its surface.

Please Review 2020 OBRI – v3.0 – June 1st 2020 and Please see specifically cases 4-4 and 4-5.

We also address this in the 2021 CBOC Uniform and Undergarment Guide posted to Game Plan and available to all officials. These “scarf style headbands” (bandanas) are not allowed by rule and we must ensure this is understood by all officials. They shall not be worn at any level.

Questions or interpretations on the above information can be sent to...

Darren Patkau, Provincial Interpreter


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